\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>苏则\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>公元218年春,正是青黄不接之时,一辆牛车载着一位中年男子,晃晃悠悠进了金城郡。\u003c/p>\u003cp>此时,曾经拥有13个县的金城郡,只剩下了7个县,户不满五百家。其他人,不是跑了,就是死于战乱。\u003c/p>\u003cp>这位逆势而行的男子,名叫苏则,他就是新任命的金城郡太守。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>金城郡最悲催的时刻\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>无疑,苏则面对的将是一个空前严峻的挑战。事实证明,他顺利完成了这个挑战,在乱世中,拯救了一方生灵。\u003c/p>\u003cp>“东汉末年,天下大乱,群雄并起……”听过评书《三国演义》的人,对这句话再熟悉不过了。当时,甘肃境内大部分地方属于凉州刺史管辖。由于地处陇山以西,且是游牧和农耕民族的交错地带,故而乱得更早,乱得更大,几任金城太守均被杀害。\u003c/p>\u003cp>金城郡设立于西汉末年,其名称来自兰州近郊的汉金城县。公元前122年夏秋,霍去病两次从金城关渡过黄河,远征河西走廊的匈奴。在返回的路上,他让大行李息在今兰州西固城一带建立城堡,以便控制黄河渡口,监控安置周边的匈奴人。后设置为金城县。\u003c/p>\u003cp>公元前81年,为阻断匈奴与羌的联系,抵御羌人的进攻,保障丝绸之路的畅通,从天水、陇西、张掖郡分出部分县,以金城县为郡名,组建了金城郡。说起来,这个金城郡管辖的面积很大,涵盖了甘青两省交接处大片土地,总共有13个县。汉平帝时,金城郡有38000多户,149684人,这是金城人口达到的一个高峰。东汉末年,由于天灾人祸,金城郡人口急剧减少。到了公元184年,金城郡仅有3800多户,18000多人。没想到,在34年后,金城郡只剩下了7个县,连五百户人家都不到了。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>乱世太守留下一典故\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>金城郡不仅人口稀少,就连太守的安全都没有办法保证。苏则该如何行动呢?\u003c/p>\u003cp>我们先来看看,这位太守的过往吧!苏则(?-223年)字文师,扶风武功(今陕西武功西)人。苏家是扶风郡的大族,人丁多,家业大。不过,地主家也有没有余粮的时候。\u003c/p>\u003cp>公元194年,关中大乱,民不聊生,人们四处逃难。苏则也跟着家人逃到了北地郡,客居在安定,在那里度过最艰难的时刻,也深刻体验到了低层百姓的生活。有个土豪看不起他,苏则也不以为意,继续恪守他的远大志向。他曾和冯翊、吉茂等隐于郡南太白山中,读书养志。\u003c/p>\u003cp>苏则是在酒泉太守任上崛起的。他最先出任酒泉郡守,后调任安定郡、武都郡郡守,所到之处颇有威名。曹操征伐张鲁时,因苏则组织人员为大军担任向导有力,受到曹操的赏识。后来,苏则成功处理周边氐人的问题,表现突出,还打通了往金城的道路,由此被调到金城郡任太守。\u003c/p>\u003cp>苏则到金城郡上任的第一步就是安抚人心。他先联络周围游牧部落,从那里交换来牛羊,用牛羊来养活贫困老人,把收集来的粮食,分给老百姓。这样,金城郡的人心才逐渐安定了下来。不到一个月,就有数千家流民返回家园。针对汉羌交错的形势,他还制定了严格的规定,违反者必将严惩。可谓是,恩威并重。\u003c/p>\u003cp>苏则更是不遗余力,动员督促老百姓春耕。金城郡盛产粮食,只要环境安定,就能获得丰收。果然,到了秋季,金城郡粮食大丰收,金城郡逐渐回复了生机。有了粮食,就能收容更多的流民,这就进入了良性循环。\u003c/p>\u003cp>不过,挑战接二连三。公元218年(汉献帝建安二十三年),李越在陇西反叛,结果,苏则率胡、羌军围攻,李越不得不投降。公元220年,西平的麴演发动叛乱,自立为“护羌校尉”。结果,又被苏则击破,麴演不得不投降。\u003c/p>\u003cp>所有这一切的开始,都源自于他能和老百姓同甘共苦,能给老百姓分粮。后人对苏则的评语这样说道:“昔杜畿宽惠,河东无警;苏则分粮,金城克复。”\u003c/p>\u003cp>苏则将粮食分给百姓,最终成功收复金城,拯救了一方生灵,还留下了一则典故——苏则分粮,金城克复。人们想不到,苏则最终因魏文帝曹丕猜忌而死。\u003c/p>\u003cp>撰文/王文元 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七个县只有五百户人家 金城郡危难时迎来新太守

七个县只有五百户人家 金城郡危难时迎来新太守

2021年04月08日 07:44:39
来源:掌上兰州

原标题:七个县,只有五百户人家!金城郡危难之时迎来新太守

七个县只有五百户人家 金城郡危难时迎来新太守

苏则

公元218年春,正是青黄不接之时,一辆牛车载着一位中年男子,晃晃悠悠进了金城郡。

此时,曾经拥有13个县的金城郡,只剩下了7个县,户不满五百家。其他人,不是跑了,就是死于战乱。

这位逆势而行的男子,名叫苏则,他就是新任命的金城郡太守。

金城郡最悲催的时刻

无疑,苏则面对的将是一个空前严峻的挑战。事实证明,他顺利完成了这个挑战,在乱世中,拯救了一方生灵。

“东汉末年,天下大乱,群雄并起……”听过评书《三国演义》的人,对这句话再熟悉不过了。当时,甘肃境内大部分地方属于凉州刺史管辖。由于地处陇山以西,且是游牧和农耕民族的交错地带,故而乱得更早,乱得更大,几任金城太守均被杀害。

金城郡设立于西汉末年,其名称来自兰州近郊的汉金城县。公元前122年夏秋,霍去病两次从金城关渡过黄河,远征河西走廊的匈奴。在返回的路上,他让大行李息在今兰州西固城一带建立城堡,以便控制黄河渡口,监控安置周边的匈奴人。后设置为金城县。

公元前81年,为阻断匈奴与羌的联系,抵御羌人的进攻,保障丝绸之路的畅通,从天水、陇西、张掖郡分出部分县,以金城县为郡名,组建了金城郡。说起来,这个金城郡管辖的面积很大,涵盖了甘青两省交接处大片土地,总共有13个县。汉平帝时,金城郡有38000多户,149684人,这是金城人口达到的一个高峰。东汉末年,由于天灾人祸,金城郡人口急剧减少。到了公元184年,金城郡仅有3800多户,18000多人。没想到,在34年后,金城郡只剩下了7个县,连五百户人家都不到了。

乱世太守留下一典故

金城郡不仅人口稀少,就连太守的安全都没有办法保证。苏则该如何行动呢?

我们先来看看,这位太守的过往吧!苏则(?-223年)字文师,扶风武功(今陕西武功西)人。苏家是扶风郡的大族,人丁多,家业大。不过,地主家也有没有余粮的时候。

公元194年,关中大乱,民不聊生,人们四处逃难。苏则也跟着家人逃到了北地郡,客居在安定,在那里度过最艰难的时刻,也深刻体验到了低层百姓的生活。有个土豪看不起他,苏则也不以为意,继续恪守他的远大志向。他曾和冯翊、吉茂等隐于郡南太白山中,读书养志。

苏则是在酒泉太守任上崛起的。他最先出任酒泉郡守,后调任安定郡、武都郡郡守,所到之处颇有威名。曹操征伐张鲁时,因苏则组织人员为大军担任向导有力,受到曹操的赏识。后来,苏则成功处理周边氐人的问题,表现突出,还打通了往金城的道路,由此被调到金城郡任太守。

苏则到金城郡上任的第一步就是安抚人心。他先联络周围游牧部落,从那里交换来牛羊,用牛羊来养活贫困老人,把收集来的粮食,分给老百姓。这样,金城郡的人心才逐渐安定了下来。不到一个月,就有数千家流民返回家园。针对汉羌交错的形势,他还制定了严格的规定,违反者必将严惩。可谓是,恩威并重。

苏则更是不遗余力,动员督促老百姓春耕。金城郡盛产粮食,只要环境安定,就能获得丰收。果然,到了秋季,金城郡粮食大丰收,金城郡逐渐回复了生机。有了粮食,就能收容更多的流民,这就进入了良性循环。

不过,挑战接二连三。公元218年(汉献帝建安二十三年),李越在陇西反叛,结果,苏则率胡、羌军围攻,李越不得不投降。公元220年,西平的麴演发动叛乱,自立为“护羌校尉”。结果,又被苏则击破,麴演不得不投降。

所有这一切的开始,都源自于他能和老百姓同甘共苦,能给老百姓分粮。后人对苏则的评语这样说道:“昔杜畿宽惠,河东无警;苏则分粮,金城克复。”

苏则将粮食分给百姓,最终成功收复金城,拯救了一方生灵,还留下了一则典故——苏则分粮,金城克复。人们想不到,苏则最终因魏文帝曹丕猜忌而死。

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