\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/2BE1CD7AB059B5355E4E87957CE582B3DD621E8C_size84_w893_h501.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>斑头雁是国家一级濒危保护飞禽,体长62-85厘米,体重2-3千克。通体大都灰褐色,头和颈侧白色,头顶有二道黑色带斑,在白色头上极为醒目,繁殖在高原湖泊,尤喜咸水湖,也选择淡水湖和开阔而多沼泽地带。赤麻鸭全身赤黄褐色,翅上有明显的白色翅斑和铜绿色翼镜;嘴、脚、尾黑色;雄鸟有一黑色颈环。飞翔时黑色的飞羽、尾、嘴和脚、黄褐色的体羽和白色的翼上和翼下覆羽形成鲜明的对照。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/450A6138D3C65F4392526ED12D26C0FB40E8E3AF_size102_w890_h497.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>因玛曲地临黄河,而黄河藏语俗称“玛曲”而得名。黄河干流在玛曲草原流径433公里,玛曲黄河段水源补给量占黄河源区总径流量的58.7%、被世界湿地组织誉为“中华水塔”“地球之肾”,素有“黄河蓄水池”之称。全县湿地面积达562.5万亩,占草原面积的42%。庞大的湿地资源哺育了无数珍稀飞禽在这里一代又一代进行繁衍,让生命之花在首曲高原上绽放出最绚烂的光彩。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/2A1E71FAF10D5DEC0D1C8FFD200D417ED8DC2ECA_size112_w892_h500.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"\">近年来,玛曲县高举新时代中国特色社会主义生态保护旗帜,时刻牢记习近平总书记对黄河上游高质量发展的嘱托,牢固树立“绿水青山就是金山银山”的发展理念,认真实施、沙化、退化草原治理项目及退牧还草工程,统筹山水林田湖草系统治理,坚持不懈推进生态建设,牢筑黄河上游生态安全屏障,使玛曲生态系统和功能稳步提升。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/36995CA6868264D8BB04555C494F8B0FD9DD5341_size100_w1080_h480.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"\">“鸭蛋岛”是欧拉镇欧强村二队黄河段中一块长约1000米宽800米的河中岛屿,自古以来就是斑头雁和赤麻鸭等珍稀飞禽繁衍的重要栖息地。随着生态保护力度的不断加强,清澈的黄河水,丰美的水草,鲜美的鱼虾更吸引了大量的斑头雁和赤麻鸭到“鸭蛋岛”栖息繁衍。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/9491BF7D199455D0793D5903BC401C3F7A2BB7BE_size50_w893_h502.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>从每年的4月初开始,数万只各类珍稀飞禽穿越严寒酷暑来到这里进行繁衍。在繁衍初期,雌性斑头雁和赤麻鸭开始大量进食鱼虾,水草以补充自身营养,雄性斑头雁和赤麻鸭开始在岛上争夺以岩石缝,天然凹地为主的栖息地盘,随后对“房屋”进行精装修,以期待雌性的青睐。等到筑巢之后,在4月上旬至中旬左右,斑头雁和赤麻鸭开始产卵,一般雌性一窝产卵多则12枚,少则5到6枚。由于黄河玛曲段禁鱼近20年,河中鱼虾资源异常丰富,雏鸟成活率居高不下,待雏鸭长羽翱翔时,斑头雁和赤麻鸭种群数量往往呈几何式增长,这一喜人局面的背后是无数首曲儿女披荆斩棘,夜以继日改善生态环境所交付的一份满分答卷。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/8EEC4693BC2AD4C324F846114769D4E88FFA2448_size70_w677_h508.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter picIntro detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/5CB186F1E8B9F144BBB574A8A0162100555989CF_size58_w677_h508.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter picIntro detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/C44C4DC975D8FC7B54C1D96B16553D4C09D429E6_size38_w677_h508.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter picIntro detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/5DA793B5BE985E2523134D65C42E50C53D82BF13_size65_w677_h508.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>据当地牧民群众介绍,每年4月中旬左右,飞临“鸭蛋岛”的各类珍稀飞禽数量将达到巅峰,根据以往经验判断,到时各类飞禽种群的数量大约在5万只到7万只左右,种类包括斑头雁,赤麻鸭,黑颈鹤,黑鹳等。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2021_15/51AEC12F585D2388D81185D0757C72FA58B3B05E_size61_w677_h378.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"textAlignCenter\" style=\"text-align: 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国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

2021年04月09日 07:57:32
来源:甘肃网络广播电视台

原标题:国家一级濒危保护飞禽斑头雁“打卡”玛曲鸭蛋岛 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

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4月6日,在甘肃省玛曲县欧拉镇欧强村,近3万只国家一级濒危保护动物斑头雁、国家二级保护动物赤麻鸭等飞禽种群,汇聚在玛曲鸭蛋岛。时而展翅翱翔,时而低头嬉戏,构成了一幅和谐的自然景观,为首曲高原注入了勃勃生机和自然野趣。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

斑头雁是国家一级濒危保护飞禽,体长62-85厘米,体重2-3千克。通体大都灰褐色,头和颈侧白色,头顶有二道黑色带斑,在白色头上极为醒目,繁殖在高原湖泊,尤喜咸水湖,也选择淡水湖和开阔而多沼泽地带。赤麻鸭全身赤黄褐色,翅上有明显的白色翅斑和铜绿色翼镜;嘴、脚、尾黑色;雄鸟有一黑色颈环。飞翔时黑色的飞羽、尾、嘴和脚、黄褐色的体羽和白色的翼上和翼下覆羽形成鲜明的对照。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

因玛曲地临黄河,而黄河藏语俗称“玛曲”而得名。黄河干流在玛曲草原流径433公里,玛曲黄河段水源补给量占黄河源区总径流量的58.7%、被世界湿地组织誉为“中华水塔”“地球之肾”,素有“黄河蓄水池”之称。全县湿地面积达562.5万亩,占草原面积的42%。庞大的湿地资源哺育了无数珍稀飞禽在这里一代又一代进行繁衍,让生命之花在首曲高原上绽放出最绚烂的光彩。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

近年来,玛曲县高举新时代中国特色社会主义生态保护旗帜,时刻牢记习近平总书记对黄河上游高质量发展的嘱托,牢固树立“绿水青山就是金山银山”的发展理念,认真实施、沙化、退化草原治理项目及退牧还草工程,统筹山水林田湖草系统治理,坚持不懈推进生态建设,牢筑黄河上游生态安全屏障,使玛曲生态系统和功能稳步提升。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

“鸭蛋岛”是欧拉镇欧强村二队黄河段中一块长约1000米宽800米的河中岛屿,自古以来就是斑头雁和赤麻鸭等珍稀飞禽繁衍的重要栖息地。随着生态保护力度的不断加强,清澈的黄河水,丰美的水草,鲜美的鱼虾更吸引了大量的斑头雁和赤麻鸭到“鸭蛋岛”栖息繁衍。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

从每年的4月初开始,数万只各类珍稀飞禽穿越严寒酷暑来到这里进行繁衍。在繁衍初期,雌性斑头雁和赤麻鸭开始大量进食鱼虾,水草以补充自身营养,雄性斑头雁和赤麻鸭开始在岛上争夺以岩石缝,天然凹地为主的栖息地盘,随后对“房屋”进行精装修,以期待雌性的青睐。等到筑巢之后,在4月上旬至中旬左右,斑头雁和赤麻鸭开始产卵,一般雌性一窝产卵多则12枚,少则5到6枚。由于黄河玛曲段禁鱼近20年,河中鱼虾资源异常丰富,雏鸟成活率居高不下,待雏鸭长羽翱翔时,斑头雁和赤麻鸭种群数量往往呈几何式增长,这一喜人局面的背后是无数首曲儿女披荆斩棘,夜以继日改善生态环境所交付的一份满分答卷。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

据当地牧民群众介绍,每年4月中旬左右,飞临“鸭蛋岛”的各类珍稀飞禽数量将达到巅峰,根据以往经验判断,到时各类飞禽种群的数量大约在5万只到7万只左右,种类包括斑头雁,赤麻鸭,黑颈鹤,黑鹳等。

国家级“贵宾”打卡甘南 开启首曲草原繁衍之旅

来源:玛曲县融媒

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