\u003c/p>\u003cp>变态反应性疾病是一种常见的系统性疾病,各个年龄段都有可能发生。随着工业化对环境的污染,变态反应性疾病的发病率迅速增长,已成为世界卫生组织公布的全球第六大慢性疾病。那么,身体哪些组织器官容易出现变态反应?\u003c/p>\u003cp>皮肤。皮肤是人体面积最大的守卫器官,在起到保护、吸收、排泄、感觉、调节体温等作用的同时,也是人体重要的免疫器官。皮肤的“变态反应”表现为荨麻疹、特应性皮炎(遗传过敏性湿疹)、药物性皮炎(也称药疹)、日光性皮炎、接触性皮炎、血管性水肿等。它们共同的特点就是难以忍耐的瘙痒性皮疹,严重者甚至可以引发过敏性休克,危及生命。此外,其他一些重症皮肤病,诸如过敏性紫癜等皮肤血管炎(包括皮肤结核)、免疫性大疱病(包括类天疱疮和天疱疮)以及结缔组织病(如红斑狼疮等)也属于皮肤变态反应性疾病。\u003c/p>\u003cp>呼吸道。呼吸道分为上、下呼吸道,两者之间相互交通、彼此影响,恰似“共饮一江水”。在呼吸道变态反应性疾病的代表中,如果说过敏性鼻炎位于长江头,那么哮喘就在长江尾,前者表现为鼻塞、喷嚏、清水鼻涕,后者表现为咳嗽、气喘等。同一呼吸道,“变态”同相随。半个世纪前就有学者指出,过敏性鼻炎和哮喘有密切关联,流行病学调查显示过敏性鼻炎如不经过恰当治疗,25%~38%的患者会出现哮喘症状,最终发展为肺气肿甚至肺心病。此外,鼻窦炎、过敏性咽喉炎、真菌过敏相关性肺部疾患同样属于呼吸道变态反应性疾病。\u003c/p>\u003cp>眼睛。过敏性结膜炎是眼部最常见的变态反应性疾病。临床多表现为眼部瘙痒,其他症状包括流泪、灼热感、畏光及分泌物增加等。一些较严重的过敏性结膜炎有时可以出现视力下降,严重影响生活的质量。\u003c/p>\u003cp>胃肠道。过敏性胃肠炎,也称消化系统变态反应或食物过敏,是由于某种食物或食品添加剂等引起的免疫反应,导致消化系统内或全身性的变态反应。儿童食物过敏反应的患病率约6%~8%,牛乳是最常见的过敏食物,约占其中的3%~7.5%。有食物过敏的患者常伴有支气管哮喘,发病率约6.8%~17%;对牛奶过敏的儿童,哮喘的发病率高达26%。\u003c/p>\u003cp>几种变态反应性疾病的病理生理过程具有很强的共性,可以认为,过敏性哮喘、变应性鼻炎、特应性皮炎、过敏性胃肠炎等是同一种疾病在不同靶器官的不同表现,也就是“一颗老鼠屎,坏了一锅粥”。此外,同一种变态反应性疾病可以同时累及多个组织器官,例如过敏性紫癜患者往往同时或先后出现皮疹、关节肿痛、胃肠道出血等多个症状;药疹患者可能同时伴有骨髓抑制、肝功能受损等多系统受累。由此可见,变态反应性疾病往往不局限于一种组织器官,需要进行系统评估和治疗,也就是需要多个临床学科同时来协调诊治。\u003c/p>","type":"text"}],"currentPage":0,"pageSize":1},"editorName":"杜毅楠"},"__env__":"production"}; var adData = {}; var staticData = {"asideAd5":"%3C!--%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR1%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fspecial%2Fwechat%2Findex.shtml%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E5%87%A4%E5%87%B0V%E8%A8%80%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fspecial%2Fwechat%2Findex.shtml%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fcmpp%2F2020%2F0817%2F9a735fd255dbd09size90_w300_h189.png%22%20%3E%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E--%3E","contentBottomAd":"","asideAd4":"%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR1%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%20%E5%87%A4%E5%87%B0V%E8%A8%80%20%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fs%2Fwechat%2F%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%20%20%3Cimg%20src%3D%22%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fcmpp%2F2020%2F0817%2F9a735fd255dbd09size90_w300_h189.png%22%20%3E%20%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%0A%0A%3Cstyle%20type%3D%22text%2Fcss%22%3E%0A.caijun2%20%7B%0A%09width%3A300px%3B%0A%7D%0A.caijun2%20li%20%7B%0A%09float%3Aleft%3B%0A%09width%3A145px%3B%0A%09padding-right%3A10px%3B%0A%09padding-top%3A10px%3B%0A%09text-align%3A%20center%3B%0A%7D%0A.caijun2%20li%3Anth-of-type(even)%7B%0A%09padding-right%3A0px%3B%0A%7D%0A.caijun2%20li%20span%20%7B%0A%09display%3Ablock%3B%0A%09text-align%3A%20center%3B%0A%09line-height%3A22px%3B%0A%7D%0A.caijun2%20li%20a%20%7B%0A%09color%3A%232b2b2b%3B%0A%7D%0A.caijun2%20li%20a%3Ahover%20%7B%0A%09color%3A%23f54343%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR%20h4%20a%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%232b2b2b%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR%20h4%20a%3Ahover%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%23f54343%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR1%20h4%20a%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%232b2b2b%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR1%20h4%20a%3Ahover%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%23f54343%3B%0A%7D%0A.clearfix%3Aafter%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20content%3A%20%22.%22%3B%0A%20%20%20%20display%3A%20block%3B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%200%3B%0A%20%20%20%20clear%3A%20both%3B%0A%20%20%20%20visibility%3A%20hidden%3B%0A%7D%0A%3C%2Fstyle%3E%0A%3C!--%0A%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22box300%22%20style%3D%22position%3Arelative%3Bmargin%3A0%20auto%3B%22%3E%0A%20%20%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fspecial%2Fzhuanti%2Findex.shtml%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E6%96%B0%E5%AA%92%E4%BD%93%E5%B7%A5%E5%9D%8A%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%20%20%3Cul%20class%3D%22caijun2%20clearfix%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3Cli%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fv.ifeng.com%2Fc%2F7yqpU2u9eth%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fcmpp%2F2020%2F0817%2F0f73f6aa2c32afesize8_w145_h90.jpg%22%20%3E%E7%A9%BF%E8%B6%8A%E5%8D%83%E5%B9%B4%20%E8%BF%BD%E5%AF%BB%E7%9F%B3%E7%AA%9F%E9%BC%BB%E7%A5%963%3C%2Fa%3E%20%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3Cli%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fh5.eqxiul.com%2Fls%2FjEVXompf%22target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fcmpp%2F2020%2F0817%2Fcbaad124fc02cf6size5_w145_h90.jpg%22%20%3E%E2%80%9C%E9%99%86%E4%B8%8A%E9%82%AE%E8%BD%AE%E2%80%9D%E7%8E%AF%E8%A5%BF%E8%A1%8C%3C%2Fa%3E%20%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3Cli%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fspecial%2Fww%2F%22target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fcmpp%2F2020%2F0817%2F5f78be203e16e87size8_w145_h90.jpg%22%20%3E%E6%96%87%E5%8C%96%E4%B9%8B%E6%97%85%20%E9%A3%8E%E6%83%85%E6%AD%A6%E5%A8%81%3C%2Fa%3E%20%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3Cli%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fspecial%2Frwjc%2Findex.shtml%22target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fcmpp%2F2020%2F0817%2F3c649b4f9394fe7size9_w145_h90.jpg%22%20%3E%E4%BA%BA%E6%96%87%E9%87%91%E6%98%8C%3C%2Fa%3E%20%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%20%20%3C%2Ful%3E%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E--%3E","asideAd3":"%0A%0A%3C!--%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR1%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%E7%89%B9%E5%88%AB%E6%8E%A8%E8%8D%90%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fucms%2F2020_35%2F253FCFEDF487A3BE553103478C7F0E5AEB1363FD_w300_h220.jpg%22%20%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E--%3E%0A","hardAd":"","asideAd2":"%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR1%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%E9%A3%8E%E7%9B%B4%E6%92%AD%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fs%2Ffzb%2F%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fucms%2F2020_44%2F186A9077F0A845322620DDB8542285AC8C3D5DB7_w300_h220.png%22%20%3E%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%0A%0A%3Cstyle%3E%0Abody%2C%20div%2C%20dl%2C%20dt%2C%20dd%2C%20ul%2C%20ol%2C%20li%2C%20h1%2C%20h2%2C%20h3%2C%20h4%2C%20h5%2C%20h6%2C%20pre%2C%20form%2C%20fieldset%2C%20input%2C%20p%2C%20blockquote%2C%20th%2C%20td%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20margin%3A%200%3B%0A%20%20%20%20padding%3A%200%3B%0A%7D%0A.box300%7B%0A%20%20%20%20float%3A%20right%3B%0A%20%20%20%20width%3A%20300px%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%2034px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20border-bottom%3A%202px%20solid%20%23666%3B%0A%2F*%20%20%20%20border-top%3A%203px%20solid%20%23444%3B*%2F%0A%20%20%20%20position%3A%20relative%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR%20h4%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20font-size%3A%2016px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20line-height%3A%2030px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-family%3A%20Microsoft%20Yahei%3B%0A%20%20%20%20padding-top%3A%204px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-weight%3A%20bold%3B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%232b2b2b%3B%0A%20%20%20%20position%3A%20relative%3B%0A%20%20%20%20width%3A%20150px%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20ul%2C.list04%20li%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20list-style%3A%20none%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20li%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%2035px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20line-height%3A%2035px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20background%3A%20url(http%3A%2F%2Fy2.ifengimg.com%2Fa%2F2014%2F0410%2Fs_11.png)%20no-repeat%207px%2010px%3B%0A%09font-size%3A%2012px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-family%3A%20simsun%2Carial%2Chelvetica%2Cclean%2Csans-serif%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20li%3Alast-child%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20background%3A%20url(http%3A%2F%2Fy2.ifengimg.com%2Fa%2F2014%2F0410%2Fs_11.png)%20no-repeat%2016px%2010px%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20li%20span.no1%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20font-size%3A%2018px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-weight%3A%20bold%3B%0A%20%20%20%20float%3A%20left%3B%0A%20%20%20%20width%3A%2016px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%2023px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%23ba2636%3B%0A%20%20%20%20text-align%3A%20left%3B%0A%20%20%20%20margin-right%3A%2010px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-family%3A%20Arial%2C%20Helvetica%2C%20sans-serif%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20li%20span.no%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20font-size%3A%2018px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-weight%3A%20bold%3B%0A%20%20%20%20float%3A%20left%3B%0A%20%20%20%20width%3A%2016px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%2023px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%23666666%3B%0A%20%20%20%20text-align%3A%20left%3B%0A%20%20%20%20margin-right%3A%2010px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-family%3A%20Arial%2C%20Helvetica%2C%20sans-serif%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20li%20a%3Alink%2C%20.list04%20li%20a%3Avisited%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%232b2b2b%3B%0A%7D%0A.list04%20li%20a%3Ahover%7B%0A%09color%3A%23ba2636%3B%0A%7D%0A.clear%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20clear%3A%20both%3B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%200%3B%0A%20%20%20%20overflow%3A%20hidden%3B%0A%7D%0A%3C%2Fstyle%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22box300%22%20style%3D%22position%3Arelative%3Bmargin%3A0%20auto%3B%22%3E%0A%20%20%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22paih%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22scrNews%22%20id%3D%22tabControlArea%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%E7%83%AD%E7%82%B9%E6%96%B0%E9%97%BB%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22clear%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22padding-top%3A10px%3B%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Cul%20class%3D%22list04%22%20id%3D%22bc2%22%20style%3D%22display%3A%20block%3B%22%3E%0A%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no1%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E1%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NutYHgaz1%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E5%AE%98%E6%96%B9%E2%80%9C%E6%92%91%E8%85%B0%E2%80%9D%EF%BC%81%E5%85%B0%E5%B7%9E%E7%89%9B%E8%82%89%E9%9D%A2%E8%A6%81%E5%BC%80%E5%88%B0%E5%85%A8%E5%9B%BD%E5%8E%BB%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no1%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E2%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NutYHgaz5%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E6%95%9B%E8%B4%A2%E8%B6%853100%E4%B8%87%E5%85%83%20%E8%99%9E%E6%B5%B7%E7%87%95%E8%80%81%E9%83%A8%E4%B8%8B%E8%83%A5%E6%B3%A2%E8%BF%87%E5%A0%82%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no1%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E3%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NutYHgaz9%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E-2989%E4%B8%87%E5%85%83%EF%BC%81%E5%85%B0%E5%B7%9E%E9%BB%84%E6%B2%B3%E4%B8%8A%E5%B9%B4%E5%87%80%E5%88%A9%E6%B6%A6%E5%90%8C%E6%AF%94%E4%B8%8B%E9%99%8D%E8%BF%91300%EF%BC%85%20%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E4%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NutYHgazD%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E4%B9%9D%E2%80%9C%E5%85%84%E5%BC%9F%E2%80%9D%E5%A5%8F%E5%93%8D%E2%80%9C%E9%BB%84%E6%B2%B3%E4%B9%8B%E5%A3%B0%E2%80%9D%20%E5%A5%89%E4%B8%8A%E5%8D%83%E5%B9%B4%E6%96%87%E5%8C%96%E7%9B%9B%E5%AE%B4%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E5%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85Ox5aYPstB%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E5%85%B0%E9%A9%AC%E2%80%9C%E5%8D%81%E5%B9%B4%E5%A4%A7%E8%B5%9B%E2%80%9D%E4%BB%8A%E8%B5%B7%E6%8A%A5%E5%90%8D%20%E5%8F%82%E8%B5%9B%E8%80%85%E9%A1%BB%E6%8E%A5%E7%A7%8D%E6%96%B0%E5%86%A0%E7%96%AB%E8%8B%97%20%C2%A0%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E6%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NvxC2w1eg%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E4%B8%AD%E5%B7%9D%E6%9C%BA%E5%9C%BA%E7%8E%AF%E7%BA%BF%E9%93%81%E8%B7%AF%E9%A1%B9%E7%9B%AE%E5%90%AF%E5%8A%A8%20%E6%89%93%E9%80%A0%E6%9E%A2%E7%BA%BD%E6%9C%89%22%E8%B7%AF%22%E5%8F%AF%E5%AF%BB%20%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E7%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85Ox5aYPt0H%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E5%94%AE%E5%90%8E%E6%9C%8D%E5%8A%A1%E5%BF%92%E9%97%B9%E5%BF%83%20%E4%B8%80%E5%AD%A3%E5%BA%A6%E7%94%98%E8%82%83%E4%BA%BA%E6%B6%88%E8%B4%B9%E6%8A%95%E8%AF%89%E7%83%AD%E7%82%B9%E6%98%AF%E2%80%A6%E2%80%A6%20%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E8%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NvxC2w1ev%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E4%BD%A0%E5%93%81%EF%BC%8C%E4%BD%A0%E7%BB%86%E5%93%81%EF%BC%81%E6%89%93%E5%BC%80%E6%95%A6%E7%85%8C%E7%9A%84%E6%96%B0%E9%92%A5%E5%8C%99%EF%BC%9A%E5%9B%BD%E6%BD%AE%2B%E6%95%B0%E5%AD%97%E5%8C%96%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A8px%3B%22%3E9%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NvxC2w1f6%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E9%9D%92%E8%97%8F%E9%AB%98%E5%8E%9F%E5%86%B0%E5%B7%9D%E4%B8%AD%E4%B8%BA%E4%BD%95%E5%AD%98%E5%9C%A8%E5%BE%AE%E5%A1%91%E6%96%99%EF%BC%9F%E8%BF%99%E9%A1%B9%E6%96%B0%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6%E6%8F%AD%E7%A7%98%20%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%3Cli%3E%20%3Cspan%20class%3D%22no%22%20style%3D%22width%3A16px%3B%22%3E10%3C%2Fspan%3E%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2F85NvxC2w1ez%0A%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%E9%99%8C%E7%94%9F%E4%BA%BA%E9%82%80%E4%BD%A0%E2%80%9C%E5%B1%8F%E5%B9%95%E5%85%B1%E4%BA%AB%E2%80%9D%EF%BC%9F%E5%BD%93%E5%BF%83%EF%BC%81%E7%94%B5%E8%AF%88%E5%8F%88%E7%8E%B0%E6%96%B0%E5%A5%97%E8%B7%AF%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fli%3E%0A%0A%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3C%2Ful%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%20%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A","asideAd1":"%3Cstyle%3E%0A.titR1%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20height%3A%2033px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20border-bottom%3A%202px%20solid%20%23666%3B%0A%20%20%20%20position%3A%20relative%3B%0A%7D%0A.titR1%20h4%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20font-size%3A%2016px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20line-height%3A%2030px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-family%3A%20Microsoft%20Yahei%3B%0A%20%20%20%20padding-top%3A%204px%3B%0A%20%20%20%20font-weight%3A%20bold%3B%0A%20%20%20%20color%3A%20%232b2b2b%3B%0A%20%20%20%20position%3A%20relative%3B%0A%20%20%20%20width%3A%20150px%3B%0A%7D%0A%3C%2Fstyle%3E%0A%0A%20%3Cdiv%20class%3D%22titR1%22%3E%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3Ch4%3E%E6%96%B0%E5%AA%92%E4%BD%93%E5%B7%A5%E5%9D%8A%3C%2Fh4%3E%0A%20%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%20style%3D%22height%3A10px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0A%3Cdiv%3E%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fs%2Fxmt%2F%22%20target%3D%22_blank%22%3E%3Cimg%20src%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fx0.ifengimg.com%2Fucms%2F2021_08%2F3939DE3E41523EC10BF97082FFB3538F47DC860A_size42_w300_h200.jpg%22%20%3E%3C%2Fa%3E%3C%2Fdiv%3E","topAd":"%3Ciframe%20src%3D%22https%3A%2F%2Fwww.697uc.com%2Fc%2Fspecial%2F803bo19Ulma%22%20height%3D%2298%22%20width%3D%221008%22%20scrolling%3D%22no%22%20frameborder%3D%220%22%20%20style%3D%22margin-top%3A-8px%3B%20margin-left%3A-8px%3B%22%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E%0A%0A","floatAd":[],"logoAd":"%20"}; var __chipsData = []; var __apiReport = (Math.random() > 0.99); var __apiReportMaxCount = 50; var getChipsDataByKey = function (data, key) { for (var i = 0, iLen = data.length; i
这四个部位最爱过敏 你可得注意了!

这四个部位最爱过敏 你可得注意了!

2021年04月09日 15:37:00
来源:生命时报

原标题:皮肤、呼吸道、眼睛、胃肠道,这四个部位最爱过敏

主讲人:复旦大学附属华山医院变态反应科主任医师 骆肖群 主治医师 朱沁媛

过敏性鼻炎、哮喘、过敏性结膜炎、过敏性胃肠炎……生活中,有些人似乎和特定的食物、物品、植物甚至天气“犯冲”,一旦接触,就会激发各种过敏反应。医学上,这种因为人体的免疫系统对无害的物质进行攻击而引起的过敏情况,称为“变态反应”。很多患者甚至同时合并两种或以上的过敏性疾病,严重影响生活并造成极大的经济负担。

这四个部位最爱过敏 你可得注意了!

变态反应性疾病是一种常见的系统性疾病,各个年龄段都有可能发生。随着工业化对环境的污染,变态反应性疾病的发病率迅速增长,已成为世界卫生组织公布的全球第六大慢性疾病。那么,身体哪些组织器官容易出现变态反应?

皮肤。皮肤是人体面积最大的守卫器官,在起到保护、吸收、排泄、感觉、调节体温等作用的同时,也是人体重要的免疫器官。皮肤的“变态反应”表现为荨麻疹、特应性皮炎(遗传过敏性湿疹)、药物性皮炎(也称药疹)、日光性皮炎、接触性皮炎、血管性水肿等。它们共同的特点就是难以忍耐的瘙痒性皮疹,严重者甚至可以引发过敏性休克,危及生命。此外,其他一些重症皮肤病,诸如过敏性紫癜等皮肤血管炎(包括皮肤结核)、免疫性大疱病(包括类天疱疮和天疱疮)以及结缔组织病(如红斑狼疮等)也属于皮肤变态反应性疾病。

呼吸道。呼吸道分为上、下呼吸道,两者之间相互交通、彼此影响,恰似“共饮一江水”。在呼吸道变态反应性疾病的代表中,如果说过敏性鼻炎位于长江头,那么哮喘就在长江尾,前者表现为鼻塞、喷嚏、清水鼻涕,后者表现为咳嗽、气喘等。同一呼吸道,“变态”同相随。半个世纪前就有学者指出,过敏性鼻炎和哮喘有密切关联,流行病学调查显示过敏性鼻炎如不经过恰当治疗,25%~38%的患者会出现哮喘症状,最终发展为肺气肿甚至肺心病。此外,鼻窦炎、过敏性咽喉炎、真菌过敏相关性肺部疾患同样属于呼吸道变态反应性疾病。

眼睛。过敏性结膜炎是眼部最常见的变态反应性疾病。临床多表现为眼部瘙痒,其他症状包括流泪、灼热感、畏光及分泌物增加等。一些较严重的过敏性结膜炎有时可以出现视力下降,严重影响生活的质量。

胃肠道。过敏性胃肠炎,也称消化系统变态反应或食物过敏,是由于某种食物或食品添加剂等引起的免疫反应,导致消化系统内或全身性的变态反应。儿童食物过敏反应的患病率约6%~8%,牛乳是最常见的过敏食物,约占其中的3%~7.5%。有食物过敏的患者常伴有支气管哮喘,发病率约6.8%~17%;对牛奶过敏的儿童,哮喘的发病率高达26%。

几种变态反应性疾病的病理生理过程具有很强的共性,可以认为,过敏性哮喘、变应性鼻炎、特应性皮炎、过敏性胃肠炎等是同一种疾病在不同靶器官的不同表现,也就是“一颗老鼠屎,坏了一锅粥”。此外,同一种变态反应性疾病可以同时累及多个组织器官,例如过敏性紫癜患者往往同时或先后出现皮疹、关节肿痛、胃肠道出血等多个症状;药疹患者可能同时伴有骨髓抑制、肝功能受损等多系统受累。由此可见,变态反应性疾病往往不局限于一种组织器官,需要进行系统评估和治疗,也就是需要多个临床学科同时来协调诊治。

日本三级香港三级人妇安全网,亚洲性人人天天夜夜摸,俄罗斯女人zozo,黑人巨大两根一起挤进 网站地图